Flora and vegetation

From the phytogeographical standpoint it belongs to a transitional area between the Sudanese and Sudano-Guinean phytochoria (White 1983). The vegetation is made up of three main formations: wooded grassland, woodland, and transitional woodland on the plateaus, with vegetation types Combretum nigricans-Prosopis africana woodland, Bombax costatum-Pterocarpus erinaceus woodland, Piliostig­ma thonningii-Dichrostachys cinerea thicket turning in humid valleys to Erythroph­leum suaveolens-Dialium guineense gallery forests (Lawesson 1995).

The, Forêt de Fathala‘ vegetation is also influenced by fire. Only so called early fires are started, which stimulate fresh biomass growth for the animals. In the part of the reserve that is, for the moment, unused (800 ha) fires are not started at all. The entire reserve is also protected from exter­nal wildfires by an 8 meter wide fire belt around the entire reserve.

© Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences

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